PENENTUAN SUB SEKTOR UNGGULAN DI KOTA MALANG

ABSTRACT

One way to determine the performance and economic structure of a region, among others, by seeing how much value added generated by production factors that exist in an area. The value added generated by production factors are generally referred to the Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP). The calculation of the amount of GDP can be calculated with three approaches, namely production approach, income, and expenses. From the GRDP data can then be used to determine the economic base and sub sectors featured in each region. This study aims 1. To identify the leading sectors of Malang in prioritizing regional development. 2. To identify the impact of income multiplier of the leading sectors in supporting regional development in Malang. The analysis tool used is Location Quotient (LQ) and the Income Multiplier ,.               The result of the calculation LQ value across sectors of the economy based on indicators of local revenue that GDP at constant 2000 prices, there are five sectors which are the economic bases of the city of Malang that can be prioritized into leading sectors in the years 2001-2015, namely Services (1,47), Finance leasing and Services Company (1.36), Trade, Hotels and Restaurants (1.29), Electricity, Gas and Water (1.26) and Manufacturing (1.17). This suggests that these sectors have a major contribution in the economy and regional development in the city of Malang. While the sectors is not a sector basis Are Agriculture (0.02), Mining and Quarrying (0.01), Transportation and Communications (0.43) and construction (0.83).               On a sector basis the income multiplier effect generated showed that the coefficient multiplier greater income during the period 2011-2015 of the income multiplier effect in the non base. This shows interest socities on economic activity in the sector is the larger base.

Keywords: the GDP, the Economic Base, Multiplier Effect

Oleh:

Zaim Mukaffi

Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang zaimmukaffi@yahoo.com

 

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